Osaka – City of 1,000 Islands

Osaka International Airport is located on a large manmade island right in the middle of an enormous bay. A long bridge stretches to the “mainland”.
The islands are tightly packed with factories of all sizes, diligently working on processing something starting from chemical and petrochemical productions and ending with waste treatment. Some of the factories are quite modern and some absurdly obsolete, releasing dark clouds of thick fumes and smog into the air.

It is virtually impossible to conceive a plan on how to eliminate these contaminations without a very serious commitment from humankind.
Osaka – the second largest city in Japan – is heavily industrial. The factories employ the majority of the residents, and, since the workers must be aware of the content of those emissions, it’s not surprising that at least half of the people on the streets are wearing masks. Space is extremely limited so many of the islands are manmade. Mountains are deconstructed. Their dirt is transformed into islands to house more factories, creating more pollution. Architecture shows symptoms of this denseness as well: Most residential houses have a minimal footprint for three- or four-story buildings built wall to wall with their neighbors.